|Capitoline Grounds, plaque located on northwest corner of Nostrand Avenue & Jefferson Street|
National Register of Historic Places, 2013 Additions, Brooklyn, NY consists of ten handmade plaques placed in ten locations in Brooklyn. These plaques designate each site as possessing “national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America” and provide facts explaining this historical significance. These facts are all based on research conducted at libraries and archives, but the designation itself is false. In creating historic landmarks and marking them with fabricated plaques, I question how historical memory is recorded through our built environment, one of most visceral ways we experience the past.
New York City’s history is shaped by what has survived constant destruction and remaking. Collective memories are often lost along with the alteration or destruction of buildings. National Register seeks to bring ten places back into the visual history of our city, in a borough that finds itself the new playground of developers and speculators. Eight of the ten buildings commemorated in National Register are gone; the other two are significantly altered. The contrast between these vanished buildings and what now stands in their place is often stark: where the bath house once stood is a glazed condominium tower; a self-storage complex now occupies the footprint of the rink where roller disco was born. This contrast between our contemporary urban environment and that of the past can be more informative than the physical remnants of the past that still remain. Thus National Register is not a product of nostalgia but rather seeks to present a historical narrative that includes the present.
As the title suggests, National Register adopts the official language and plaque format used by the National Park Service (NPS), which sets supposedly stringent guidelines for what may be deemed nationally significant. Yet official historic designation is often arbitrary, subjective and corrupt. The NPS’s self-written history tells the story: “like any government program it has not been immune to extraneous influences. Such influences are manifest in landmarks illustrative less of American history than of the force behind their designation.”
Since the NPS’s official process often leads to arbitrary and even false designations, the sites in National Register were chosen randomly by picking locations on old fire insurance maps. Despite this indiscriminate process and the seeming banality of each site, research revealed historically interesting information about each one. Taken as a whole the ten plaques suggest that every lot on any block can reveal historical understanding of place; the historical narrative told by the structures that survive the ravages of time or are intentionally preserved is only one of many.
Map of Plaque Locations
View National Register of Historic Places, 2013 Additions, Brooklyn, NY in a larger map
|Bethelship Seamen's Branch YMCA, plaque located at 46 Sullivan Street|
|Bethelship Seamen's Branch YMCA plaque in situ|
|Butterick Publishing Company, plaque located on 4404 18th Avenue, at the corner of McDonald Avenue|
|Butterick Publishing Company plaque in situ|
|Capitoline Grounds, plaque located on the northwest corner of Nostrand Avenue & Jefferson Street|
|Capitoline Grounds plaque in situ|
|Gettysburg Cyclorama, plaque located on the north side of Joralemon Street between Clinton & Court Streets|
|Gettysburg Cyclorama plaque in situ|
|Empire Roller Rink, plaque located at 200 Empire Boulevard|
Below: Empire Roller Rink plaque in situ
|Gerritsen's Tide Mill Plaque, plaque located on the northeast corner of Avenue V & Burnett Street|
|Gerritsen's Tide Mill Plaque plaque in situ|
|H. Kohnstamm & Co., plaque located on 551 Columbia Street|
Below: H. Kohnstamm & Co. plaque in situ
|National Licorice and National Lead Companies, plaque located on John Street between Gold Street & Hudson Avenue|